No animals were slaughtered to make these boots (sadly I fear a few may of been consumed by the crew on the ship that transported them here from China). I'm not normally a shoe/ boot person, however when Helen came home with these synthetic stunners I was impressed. I'm even thinking of seeing if there are any in my size. Normally I purchase my footwear from op shops or markets, for a mere few dollars sometimes they're even still warm. I purchased some great Italian leather shoes as a bit of joke, now I love them. Next time it's a sunny day I'll drag them into the studio and snap them.